What Is Tort?

byAlma Abell

“Tort” is a legal term for personal injury; it is a word which goes back ages in legal circles.

The definition of tort:

In specific terms, tort is a civil wrong that is inflicted on an individual by another entity. The entity can be another person, a business or even the government. Since it is a civil wrong opposed to a criminal wrong the remedy for the injured party is a financial settlement of compensation. The tenet of tort law is quite straight forward; the individual or entity that is found to have done wrong is to be held liable for any and all damages which stem from the legal wrongdoing. Injury lawyers in Chicago area find themselves perusing cases on behalf of their clients that are insurance related or even going to trial after an accident.

Different types of cases:

Most tort cases stem from carelessness on the part of a person and that negligence results in injuries or other harm to a second person. Negligence is the basis for most tort cases; many of the cases are the result of car accidents, medical malpractice, premises liability as well as slip and fall incidents. Injury lawyers in Chicago are involved when one person causes harm to another through a negligent action.

Although most tort cases stem from negligence, there are also intentional torts which are when a person is injured as a result of an intentional act. An intentional tort may be classified as a criminal act under the criminal code of some states which means that a single act can be pursued in both civil court and criminal court. Good examples of intentional torts are assault and battery.

Tort laws:

More often than not tort cases are adjudged by decisions of the court rather than codified laws. There are some state laws that apply to tort cases, things like the statute of limitations that are in effect after the injured party can bring the case to court. The vast majority of tort cases are governed by “common law”. Common law is a concept which more or less means that the rules that are in effect for the case are rules which have evolved over time. Your injury lawyers in Chicago will be dealing with a veritable montage of past rulings that have been handed down over time; this is especially true if the ruling came for the state appeals court.

Finding Spare Parts For Agricultural Equipment

Submitted by: Robert Tate

If you own a small, medium or large farm, you need to know where to find agricultural equipment and machinery. Farm land has certain equipment and machinery that will be needed in order for you to properly take care of the land. Knowing where to find new or used equipment is essential. During the course of this article, you will find ideas of where to locate the equipment and machinery you will need to maintain your farm land.

New and used tractors can be found in new tractor supply stores. Supply stores will have top of the line tractors for you to choose from. Describe the type of land you have with the salesperson. From there the salesperson will be able to direct you to the right equipment for the type of land you have. The salesperson may ask you what you plan to use your farm land for. This will help them to figure out the type of tractors and attachments you will need to work your farm land properly.

Bulletin boards are another source to help find equipment and machinery. However when looking through the ads, you will need to know exactly what you are looking for. If you do not know you could end up purchasing a piece of equipment or machinery that will be of no use for your farm land.


Local newspapers are another great source for farm equipment. Just be careful when searching through here too. Many people will equipment and machinery because it has stopped working or not working as it should. When this is the case look for things you know could be wrong with the equipment. If you are insure of what to look for, take someone who has knowledge in this field with you and have them look for potential problems.

Check out local feed stores for farm animals. Sometimes people will tell the local feed store about equipment and machinery such as tractors for sale. Regular customers that come into feed stores are usually pretty honest because most are local farmers who have been living and farming the land in that area for most of their lives. When this is the case, most of the time you will find an older person that is getting out of farming and wanting to sell off his equipment and machinery.

Farm auctions are a great source to find tractors for sale and major agricultural equipment. Many times farmers will lose their land and have to auction off their farming equipment and supplies. At auctions they will show the agricultural equipment and machinery that is for sell. During some auctions they may start the equipment and show how it works by attaching the implements that attaches to tractors. The tractor implements that are auctioned off could include, post hole diggers, yard rakes, seeders and spreaders. Other implements you could find are, plows, lift booms, tillers and box blades.

A 3-point hitch is used to attach compact tractor implements. Farmers use compact tractor implements on a daily basis to keep their farm running smoothly.

About the Author: Robert Tate Region Sales Manager of Mascus UK. Mascus is an electronic marketplace for trucks, trailers and

tractors for sale

. Mascus makes trading in agricultural machinery more efficiently by collecting all information about supply and demand in one place. All dealers, producers and end users are welcome to offer their used machines and trucks for sale via the marketplace. Contact: Robert Tate E mail: robert.tate@mascus.co.uk



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Understanding The Roofing Profession


Roofers are construction workers specializing in roof construction. They are also known as roof mechanics. They repair and install building roofs using a diversity of materials that are waterproof and weatherproof. For roofers to be able to work effectively and efficiently, they must possess remarkable motor skills and general carpentry skills.

Roofers Types

Roofers are classified into 4 main types: Shingles who pripitches and above; “Flat” or single-ply roofers who focuses on roofs such as foam and single-ply roofs; Metal roofers who focuses on metal panels; “Hot” roofers who use tar-based products in their work.

Roles Played By Roofers

Roofers deal in a wide range of roofing activities ranging from roof repair, leaks, sliding, skylights, missing shingles, and many other roofing services. They inspect roofs for faults so as to repair them, replace rotting or damaged plywood or joist, measure the roof to determine the amount of materials needed, install layers of insulation or vapor barriers or other materials for making the roof watertight.

Work Environment

Roofing work can be very demanding. Work can take place in a hot environment and it involves climbing, bending, kneeling and heavy lifting. Roofers work in the open air and this would mean that they are exposed to all kinds of weather during the course of their work. They rarely perform their duties in the rain or in a cold weather.

Illnesses and Injuries

Roofers have higher rates of injuries and illnesses. They may slip and fall in the course of their duty. They may burn from hot substances. During the summer, heat radiated by the roofs can cause heat-related illnesses. To prevent these accidents and illnesses, several safety measures can be put into practice.

Work Schedule

Most roofers work on a full time basis just like most construction workers. In some areas, roofing is limited during the winter months, and so roofers prefer to work overtime during the summers to complete jobs quickly and especially before rainfall.

Roofing Materials

Some of the sophisticated materials used by roofers include asphalt shingles (which is America’s most common roofing material) clay tiles, concrete tiles, natural or synthetic slate, rubber shingles (from recycled tires), single ply, metal panels or shingles, glass, wood shakes or shingles, hot asphalt, rubber, liquid-applied, thatch, foam and solar tiles. Rooftop landscapes have increasingly been used in both commercial and residential applications over the years.

It’s necessary to be attentive when selecting appropriate roofers. Qualification and experience are necessary aspects to check very keenly when doing the selection. The specialization aspect should also be kept in mind as roofers perform best in their line of specialization, just like any other profession.

Performance Exteriors Contracting provides premier roofing services for your home or business by qualified roofers. Visit them online to schedule service at performanceext.com. You can also follow them on Google+.